Metabolic Disorders

Metabolic disorders refer to different types of medical conditions caused by genetic defects that interfere with the body's metabolism. Metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that the body uses to maintain life, including energy production. Special enzymes break down food or certain chemicals that the body can use for fuel or store them. Some chemical processes break down substances that the body no longer needs, or make those it lacks. When these chemical processes don't work properly due to a hormone or enzyme deficiency, a metabolic disorder occurs. Inherited metabolic disorders fall into different categories, depending on the specific substance and whether it builds up in harmful amounts, it is too low or it's missing. Clinical tests are needed to determine the cause of metabolic disorders.
Order codeTestPurposeSpecimenTest method
MTD 501GlucoseBlood Glucose levelBloodA1C test
MTD 502BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen)Level of nitrogen that comes from ureaBloodBUN Colorimetric Detection Kit
MTD 503CreatinineEvaluate Kidney FunctionBloodCreatine Colorimetric Assay Kit
MTD 504CalciumDetermine level of calciumBloodCalcium Colorimetric Assay Kit
MTD 505SodiumDetermine level of sodiumBloodSodium Colorimetric Assay Kit
MTD 506PotassiumDetermine level of potassiumBloodPotassium Assay Kit
MTD 507ChlorideDetermine level of chlorideBloodChloride Assay Kit
MTD 508Carbon DioxideDetermine level of CO2BloodCarbon Dioxide Assay Kit
MTD 509Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)Hyperthyroidism/HypothyroidismBloodTSH ELISA Kit
MTD 51017 Hydroxyprogesterone TestCongenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH)Blood17 Hydroxyprogesterone ELISA Kit
MTD 511Adrenal Antibodies BloodAddison's DiseaseBloodHuman adrenal cortex antibody, ACA ELISA Kit
MTD 512AlbuminLow level indicates many diseases/disordersBlood/Urine/SerumAlbumin (BCG) Assay Kit
MTD 513AldosteroneAldosteronism or Conn SyndromeUrineAldosterone ELISA Kit
MTD 514Antimullerian Hormone (AMH)Menopause, determining a woman's ovarian (egg) reserveBloodAntimullerian Hormone ELISA Kit
MTD 515Alanine aminotransferaseHigher than normal levels can indicate a wide range of liver diseaseBloodAlanine Transaminase Activity Assay Kit
MTD 516Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)Elevated AST indicates problems with the liver, heart and kidneyBloodAspartate Aminotransferase Activity Assay Kit
MTD 517CatecholaminesPheochromocytomas/ParagangliomasBloodCatecholamines ELISA Kit
MTD 518CortisolAddison's Disease, Cushing's Syndrome, Adrenocortical InsufficiencyBloodCortisol ELISA Kit
MTD 519DHTHair loss enlarged prostate prostate cancerBloodDHT ELISA Kit
MTD 520EstradiolMenopause/Monitor Ovarian FunctionBloodEstradiol ELISA Kit
MTD 521Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)BloodInflammation
MTD 522C-Reactive proteinInflammationBloodHuman CRP ELISA Kit - Validated Components
MTD 523Plasma viscosity test Cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglycerideCoronary, artery diseasesBloodPTS PANELS Lipid Panel Test Strips
MTD 524pH in body fluidThe pH of the human body lies between 7.35-7.45; alterations from this range can have severe implicationsBloodAccutestT Nitrazine pH
MTD 525EstrogenEstrogen producing tumors/Fertility Issues/MenopauseBloodEstrogen Assay Kit
MTD 526Follicle-Stimulating HormoneInfertility/Early Puberty/Abnormal Menstrual CyclesBloodFSH ELISA Kit
MTD 527Gonadotropin-Releasing HormoneFertility Issues/Abnormal Menstrual Cycles/Signs of Low TestosteroneBloodGnRH ELISA Kit
MTD 528Growth HormoneAbnormal GrowthBloodHuman Growth Hormone ELISA Kit
MTD 529IodinThyroid Disorders (hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism)BloodIodine Colometric Assay Kit
MTD 530LeptinObesityLeptin ELISA Kit
MTD 531Luteinizing Hormone (LH)Infertility or disorders affecting the pituitary, ovaries or testiclesBloodLuteinizing Hormone (LH) ELISA Kit
MTD 532Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone MSHSkin pigmentation skin cancerBloodMSH ELISA Kit
MTD 533Organic AcidMetabolic DisordersUrineOrganic Acid Analysis Kit
MTD 534Qualitative PregnancyPregnancyBloodhCG ELISA Kit
MTD 535ProlactinPituitary tumors/Infertility or Erectile Dysfunction/Difficulty BreastfeedingBloodProlactin Human ELISA Kit
MTD 536TestosteroneDelayed or Early Puberty/Erectile Dysfunction/Testicular TumorsBloodTestosterone ELISA Kit
MTD 537Blood in FecesBenign or serious health issuesStoolImmunochemical Fecal Occult Blood Test (iFOBT)
MTD 538Uric AcidKidney FailureBloodUric acid ELISA Kit
MTD 539Blood ViscosityHyperviscosityBloodHematocrit, red blood cells, white blood cells, and proteins in the blood
MTD 540Vitamin B12 BindingMegaloblastic AnemiaBlood
MTD 541Vitamin D, 1, 25-dihydroxySarcoidosis, Lymphoma, Parathyroid disorder, kidney failureBlood1,25-Dihydroxy Vitamin D ELISA Kit
MTD 542UPEP (Urine Protein Electrophoresis)Presence of proteins in urine can indicate several conditions (urinary tract infection, inflammation, decreased kidney function, diabetic kidney disease, multiple myeloma)UrineElectrophoresis
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